It has been nine months now since the pandemic began its furious disruption of life in Northern Michigan.  With more than 11,000 cases and 196 deaths, the virus has had a palpable impact on the region’s 17 counties.  The impact of COVID-19 has received considerable attention, but much of this focus has been on its impact on the for-profit sector.

Yet Michigan’s nonprofits have been disrupted as well, and they are fundamentally important to the quality of life in Michigan.  They make our communities a better and more enjoyable place to live (e.g., TART Trails, the State Theatre, and the Old Town Playhouse), but they also provide an important safety net for our most vulnerable residents (e.g., Goodwill Northern Michigan, Safe Harbor, and Manna Food Project).  Further, and no less important, Michigan’s 50,000 nonprofits employ 10.6 percent of the state’s nonfarm workforce.[1]

Nonprofit Sector

Though little research is available on the impact of the pandemic on the nonprofit sector, we see several trends emerging.

Increased demand for services.  Most human service organizations have experienced increased demand for their services, especially food banks and organizations that provide rent and utility assistance.  And this increased demand has occurred at a time of decreased revenue due to fewer gifts, cancelled fundraising events, and reduced earned revenue.  The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) was helpful to some, but many nonprofits found it difficult to access.[2]

Closures.  Many nonprofits that rely on in-house services or programming, including such diverse organizations as YMCAs, summer camps, and performing arts organizations, simply had to close their doors for many months or cancel an entire season of activity.

Cutbacks.  Nearly all nonprofits are struggling to keep a balanced budget by furloughing staff, reducing programs, and cutting salaries.  A Johns Hopkins University study estimated that 1.6 million nonprofit employees had lost their jobs from March to May 2020.[3]

Rent.  Nonprofits that rent space are facing what might well be the biggest challenge of the pandemic.  Most nonprofits have been unable to pay rent since March, and while landlords have often been flexible, this cannot go on forever.[4]

Innovations.  Amid these challenges, there have been a few inspiring and innovative initiatives.  For example, the Groundwork Center quickly recognized the likely impact of the pandemic on the farming community and local food banks.  As a result, it launched the highly successful Local Food Relief Fund to help food pantries purchase food from local farmers and feed families hit hard by COVID-19.

Charitable Giving

Private giving has responded to the pandemic in a variety of ways.  There is some evidence that giving has increased.  For example, the Fidelity Gift Fund reports that gifts from their donor advised funds increased 18 percent as of May 2020 compared to the previous year, and gifts to food banks increased nearly 700 percent.[5]  Locally, the Grand Traverse Regional Community Foundation reported 130 new donors to its Urgent Needs Fund.  Despite these trends, many nonprofits report declining charitable gifts.

And corporations have significantly increased their giving in response to the pandemic.  In Michigan, the Consumers Energy Foundation has provided more than $4 million to nonprofits to provide community services during the pandemic.[6]

Another bright spot is the region’s community foundations.  In every county of Northern Michigan, community foundations have established funds to help nonprofits weather the pandemic storm.  For example, the Petoskey-Harbor Springs Foundation’s Essential Needs Fund has given more than $290,000 in more than 50 grants to local nonprofits.[7]

Indeed, foundations have adapted to the pandemic in several ways.  Many private foundations have increased their annual giving above the required 5 percent of assets.  A survey by Exponent Philanthropy found that 50 percent of its members would increase giving.[8]  And more than 800 foundations have signed A Call to Action: Philanthropy’s Commitment during COVID-19, promising to make more unrestricted grants, postpone reporting requirements, and loosen restrictions on current grants.[9]  As part of this effort, foundations are increasingly focused on issues of inclusion, equity, and justice during this difficult time.[10]

Looking Forward

Despite the increase in some types of giving, it will not be enough to make up for the sector’s lost revenue.  And the nonprofit sector will not recover quickly; it will take more than a vaccine or herd immunity.  We expect the nonprofit landscape will change significantly: some nonprofits will close, some will reinvent themselves, and many will be on life support for years.  In short, the pandemic is having a devasting impact on nonprofits, especially those providing human services and those that serve communities of color.[11]

In sum, the needs of the nonprofit sector will continue, and donors that have the capacity should consider giving more.  If you have a favorite nonprofit, a gift today could keep it from going out of business, or from losing important, highly valued staff members.



(An edited version of this article was published in the December 2020 issue of the Traverse City Business News.)


[1] The Economic Benefits of Nonprofits: Michigan’s Nonprofit Sector, Public Sector Consultants, March 1, 2019, p. 8, 15.
[2] Lester M. Salamon and Chelsea L. Newhouse, 2020 Nonprofit Employment Report, Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies, Nonprofit Economic Bulletin no. 28, June 2020, p. 15.
[3] Johns Hopkins Study, p. 14.
[4] For example, Unable to Pay Rent, Small Businesses, Hope for a Deal, The New York Times, September 25, 2020, p. B1.
[5] Philanthropy and COVID-19 in the first half of 2020, Center for Disaster Philanthropy, p. 12, and  Also, The Schwab Charitable Fund reported a 50 percent increase in charitable giving over the previous year.  (Schwab Charitable Donors Give Record $3.3 Billion to Support Those in Need During Unprecedented Fiscal Year 2020,, July 15, 2020.)
[6], and Consumers Energy Foundation, COVID-19 Relief Efforts, data as of 9/1/2020.  The Center for Disaster Philanthropy reported that corporations awarded $11.9 billion worldwide to fight COVID-19 in the first six months of 2020 in cash and in-kind gifts.  (Philanthropy and COVID-19 in the first half of 2020, Center for Disaster Philanthropy, p.9.)
[8]  568 respondents.
[10] Shifting Practices, Sharing Power?, Dalberg, in cooperation with the Council on Foundations and Philanthropy California, September 2020.
[11] Hannah Martin, Ellie Buteau, and Kate Gehling, Funder Support During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Center for Effective Philanthropy, June 2020, p. 3.